Look it up now! Hōjutsu, the art of gunnery, is the Japanese martial art dedicated to firearms usage. During this golden age, the Kansai region would give birth to traditional Japanese culture. Hugo___o. Elements 1-55 Quiz. https://quizlet.com/36866442/meiji-era-history-notes-flash-cards NEW! Imperialism in Japan. Japan's most famous tale, and some say the world's first novel, … Meiji period was characterized by rapid change and modernization. 33 terms . An Era of Change . In 788, Saicho, the founder of the Tendai sect of Buddhism established his monastery at Mount Hiei in Shiga prefecture. important bureaucrat of the Meiji Regime? The restored Imperial government immediately recognized the importance of universal … At a stroke, the samurai class was eliminated and Noh lost its base of economic support. The year 2018 has seen many events in Japan marking 150 years since the Meiji Restoration. Civil war following the take-over of the Edo castle, betw the supporters of the Shogun & Emperor. When Edo castle was taken over, and no blood was shed. It marked the … Chapter 15. Religion: During the Tokugawa Shogunate, there were 3 religions: Shintoism, Confucianism and Buddhism, but during the Meiji Period, there was only Shintoism because 1. it had originated in Japan and 2. it emphasised the role of the emperor Education: The Imperial Rescript on Education, created in 1890, set out the qualities of a good citizen; these qualities emphasised … Among other accomplishments, during the Meiji period Japan adopted a This period started in September 1868 and ended in July 1912. The second son of the emperor Kōmei, Mutsuhito was declared crown prince in 1860; following the death of his father in 1867, he He established the Liberal Party to start a movement aimed at establishing a constitutional monarchy and a legislative assembly. By 1906, school attendance was as high as 95%, and Japan boasted one of the highest literacy rates in the world. -companies engaging in all kinds of economic: coal, oil, mine... -to made profit on behalf of the nation is what japanese should be doing, self-interest need to be hampered. For several years Noh was not performed … PLAY. "year name") after Keiō and before Taishō. (5 main points). When Edo castle was taken over, and no blood was shed. Write. Besides these, there was the group of “hired foreigners” (oyatoi gaijin) in the 1870s that were recruited by the Meiji state to guide the industrial revolution in Japan. STUDY. Firearms of Japan were introduced in the 13th century by the Chinese, but saw little use. Match. Flashcards. Among the many reforms that took place during the Meiji period, those regarding the school system have contributed the most to the enlightenment of the Japanese people. THIS SET IS OFTEN IN FOLDERS … The period marks the governance of the Edo or … Meiji Period. People arrived … Emperor Meiji 明治天皇, Meiji ... Due to the lack of reliable sources of the period, mysteries surrounding Emperor Meiji's personality and role in the Restoration remain a matter of historical dispute. By the 1880s, both men and women had more or … The Meiji Restoration was a chain of events, triggered by an internal crisis and strong anti-Western sentiments, that ended the Edo period and thus the rule of the Tokugawa shogunate and restored practical imperial rule to Japan in 1868 under Emperor Meiji. Open Resource. Meiji Period. [8] Others like the Mitsubishi came up as novel zaibatsu families during the Meiji period. Itagaki sought peaceful rather than rebellious means to gain a voice in government. The Taisho Period is marked by a shift in power from the by now aging Meiji oligarchs or genro, men such as Ito Hirobumi, Okuma Shigenobu and Yamagata Aritomo, towards the newly-founded, though weak, divided and … The Meiji Restoration (1868-1912) was a period of modernization and industrialization in which Japan both embraced Western customs and sought … External Link Teacher Feedback. They were considered the "fertilizers of the nation", These became a symbol of Japanese modernization, What the Tokugawa Peace turned the samurais into, Once at the bottom rank of society, they became a powerful force in the Japanese economy, Refers to the wealthy business conglomerates, This helped pay for the Japanese military build up, Means "Rich nation, strong military" a slogan of the Meiji oligarchs, He went on to become Japan's first prime minister, Means "revere the emperor and expel the foreigners", The 16 year old boy who became known as the emperor Meiji, Japan plunged into one of these about the same time that the U.S. did, Means "man of high purpose"; name given to the samurai in the anti-western provinces, This German supplied the Japanese with a sample Prussian constitution, This was the last stand for the way of the samurai, It was hoped that an invasion of this country would employ some samurai who had become largely unproductive, He led a Choshu-Satsuma alliance into battle near Kyoto in 1867, The worst example of the costs of modernization, One of two anti-western provinces in the southwest of Japan, He told the Japanese that if they did not open their economy to the west he would make them do it by force, After this treaty, Ito became the first Resident General in Korea. T… Edo (1603-1867), Meiji (1868-1912),Taisho (1912-1926), and Showa (1926-1989) Explain the origin of Japan . Founded by the warrior Tokugawa Ieyasu at the conclusion of centuries of samurai warfare, the Tokugawa bakufu (tent or military government) … was absorbed by Japanese elites; Westerners and Japanese mingled and engaged in male-female courtship. Why did Japan industrialize during the Meiji Period? 55 terms. 1907-Korea king sent letter disagree with JPN, JPN force king to abdicate, Sunjong came to thrown but powerless, -Soviets disengage from WWI, make it possible for German to shift from West to East, -couple plan to assassinate Emperor Meiji. One of the main contributing factors to Japan’s modernization was the emulation of Togukawa society and the Togukawa beliefs (Craig 150). The Meiji Era was the 44-year period of Japan's history from 1868 to 1912 when the country was under the rule of the great Emperor Mutsuhito. AP Gov Test. Civil war following the take-over of the Edo castle, betw the supporters of the Shogun & Emperor, Issued April 5, 1868. both Japan and Russia agreed to evacuate Manchuria and return its sovereignty to China, but Japan leased the Liaodong Peninsula, and the Russian rail system in southern Manchuria with access to strategic resources. No further … There was now a need for massive amounts of labor to go forth with the modernization project. Please comment below with questions, feedback, suggestions, or descriptions of your experience using this resource with … Okubo Toshimichi (1830 - 1878) (1 of the 3 most important, Ito Hirobumi, Kido Koin (Takayoshi). Beginnend mit der Meiji-Restauration wurde aus dem Feudalstaat Japan eine mode… The Meiji Era or Meiji Period was a time of incredible transformation in Japanese society. The period of time after the Edo Period where Emperor Meiji was moved from Kyoto to Tokyo and where his imperial power was restored. Events of the Meiji period. Gravity. Also called the Meiji Emperor, he was the first ruler of Japan to wield actual political power in centuries. -JPN say: if Russia gives up Manchuria, then JPN gives up Korea, but neither want to give up, so war. all the countries having treaties with China were forced to send troops to China to suppress the movement, including Japan, -only source of power, military instead of spiritual one, -anti-western at first, after Meiji, become eager learner of west, lead study abroad, -1872: 4 yrs school for all boys & girls, use tax to build school, but tax were already heavy, so low attendance and schools were burnt down, - general for Meiji forced in the Boshin War. 42 terms. Perhaps most dramatically, it abolished the old system of a social hierarchy based on inherited status. 118 terms. STUDY. Er umfasst den Zeitraum vom 25. File. Terms in this set (16) Japan's history is divided into 4 different periods: mention them and make sure to say the specific dates. To understand the dynamism of the Meiji years, one must begin with the factors in the Tokugawa era (1600–1868) that made Japan a unique and sophisticated nation. Als Meiji-Zeit, Meiji-Ära oder Meiji-Periode (jap. The first thing about which historians often comment is the period’s stability. 8 terms. The most affected government sectors were the social, political, economic oriented institutions. The Meiji era (明治, Meiji, Japanese pronunciation: [meꜜː(d)ʑi]) is an era of Japanese history which extended from October 23, 1868 to July 30, 1912. This lesson will cover topics like: … Boshin War? I think you clear up any confusion by reading a little more Japanese history. For example, samurai, who historically were recognized as … How did industrialization affect Japan? The majority of these reforms were greatly influenced by the West, but they never deviated significantly from Japans cultural and historical roots. What most peasants and intellectuals sought for the modern government of Japan, Japan chose to join this group by "opening" Korea, This slogan meant a love of all things western and signified a new era in which all would be equal under the emperor, More than any other intellectual, he popularized Western thought, ideas and customs, His favorite slogan was, "Japanese spirit, western technology", This war earned Japan the respect of Asia and the West. This era represents the first half of the Empire of Japan, during which period the Japanese people moved from being an isolated feudal society at risk of colonisation by Western powers to the new paradigm of a modern, … This was seen in different sectors of the government. -founder of Japanese modern education system, who emphasized tough discipline among workers and students, and also an important civic policy maker. 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